As the use of effluent water as a source of irrigation water increases, turf professionals are being challenged to use poorer quality water to grow high quality turf. Duplex is a unique surfactant chemistry that has significant chelation potential to sequester hard water ions, such as calcium carbonate. Duplex also significantly reduces the surface tension of the water so that it freely penetrates through the thatch and into water-repellent soils. Improved water penetration means: more water to the root system, reduced localized dry spots, more efficient irrigation efficiency and increased overall turfgrass vigor.